Imagine a time when you could get any audio book you want to read from the library without having to physically visit the library to lend the audio books. Well, imagine no more because it is now possible. Public libraries from New York City to Alameda, California are now leading the packs of libraries that have begun allowing members to download audio books which they can listen to on their Personal Computers or portal audio book players such as PDAs — all from the comfort of their homes or offices. From Tom Clancy’s techno-thrillers, Arabic, Spanish, French tutorials to as many titles as possible, librarians can now enjoy the best of audio books without having to leave their homes or offices. What better way for libraries to stay needed and relevant in the new digital age than this? With the Internet, many people are beginning to lose interest in the libraries, but this move will help the libraries to retain their memberships. When asked what prompted this development, Barbara Nichols Randal, the director of the Guilderland Public Library in suburban Albany, explained that they took the needs of their younger readers and other people that were too busy to visit the library into consideration before coming up with this move. Specifically, she said, “This is a way for us to have library access 24/7”. For example, the Madison Public Library has access to a subscription database of audio book content. It provides this service for people who want to access this information from the comfort of their homes or offices, without having to physically visit the library. The name of this subscription database of audio book content is OverDrive. Anyone that has a LINK library card and access to the Internet can benefit from using OverDrive. Note that while some of the libraries allow you to download and even copy their audio books into your PC and/or other portable CD or MP3 players, others don’t. With those that do not allow downloading or burning of their audio books, you will only be able to read them on your computer… while being connected to the Internet. Whichever service or library you prefer, the point is that you can benefit from the audio book without leaving the comfort of your home or office. Take the time to search for the particular library that you prefer and register with them. Some of them offer free registration for particular periods of time, while others charge a token fee to access their database of audio books.
Will libraries becoming increasingly virtual, the librarian becoming a knowledge navigator? Or will libraries disappear as the world goes wifi – will Google become the future library? Or will place remain central, as libraries become anchor tenants in co-located in commercial and public transit-orientated developments? Or is social justice what libraries are really about – a place for empowering, for creating a better society, finding spaces for young and old, for books and digital media? The library, while appearing to be stable has changed throughout history. It has moved from being elite based, for the few that could read, to being a public space, and funded by the public has well, instead of by wealthy benefactors. And while the advent of the printing press changed the nature of the library, moving it from the monastery and the painstaking efforts of monk scribes, the recent digitalization of the world is leading to even more dramatic transformations. The library has entered a contested domain – its definition, its bundle of services are up for grabs – who defines it, who pays for it, what are its basic purposes. And with the onset of edu-tainment and as the peer-to-peer knowledge revolution, might libraries become places not just for receiving knowledge but for directly creating knowledge. Other issues that challenge a stable future for libraries include: • Local and state governments dramatically decreasing their funds for libraries – other financial models – user pays, McLibrary. • Users changing from the young to the aged OR from the aged to the young. • Libraries buildings as examples of “green” and even developing cradle to grave green technologies for books and for facilities design. • The library as a place for escape from a chaotic world, eg the Slow Movement: slow time, slow learning – slow everything – as the world quickens and moves to hypertime and culture, libraries find niches by providing places of quietness and calm. • The librarian becoming a digital avatar, interacting with users, learning about their changing needs, and even in the longer term, organizing our memories. • The off-shore Call Centre Library. • Death of the book – continuing emergence of new media formats. The impact of these emerging issues point to libraries changing dramatically from today – particularly in the areas of funding and location; purpose and skill sets for librarians and core activities. But would libraries be more digital or slow; for the young or the aged; in suburbs or co-located in denser cities? Which future? SCENARIOS OF THE FUTURE There are four plausible futures. The first is the “Lean, Mean, Information Machine.” This future would arise from concern about the costs of buildings, space becoming too valuable and libraries moving down the list of core priorities for funding. Libraries in this future would need to seek funding through philanthropy to supplement government funding. The choices would be: from the user, from community groups, from Federal and Global grants and from corporate sponsorship. With the expected rise in triple bottom line reporting, it was anticipated that corporate sponsorship may become more attractive as libraries would be an easy and safe way to show that they were good corporate citizens – helping young and old. The role of some librarians would shift, becoming entrepreneurial, a broker of services and entities (community groups, corporations, city, state and federal authorities). The second scenario is the opposite of this. Civilizing the world, civilizing ourselves is the foundational purpose of the library. No corporation should fund it, as over time market values would poison human values. The purpose of the library is that of community builder – providing ideas to all, those who can and those who cannot afford. Books cannot be overlaid with digital sponsorship, purity must be kept. However, the best way to serve as community builders is to go to the community. “Co-location for Community Capacity Building ” is the title of this scenario. Libraries move to areas of intersection – of young and old, poor and rich, information savvy and digitally challenged. Among possible areas could be transport hubs. Libraries could continue to develop as anchor tenants, co-existing with other government service providers, with coffee shops and commercial tenants. As passengers stepped out of light city rail carriages, they would enter the library. In front to them would be transparent glass, the lighting illuminating knowledge. Libraries would have multiple shifting rooms, focused on the needs of different groups. Or libraries could segment, based on citizen travel patterns. Some libraries would be more classical – book focused, other edutainment, others as places for social community groups to meet …Or libraries could change during the day – shifting who they were from noon to three pm to evening time. The librarian would need to be multi-skilled, understanding the diverse needs of different age groups, ethnicities, community groups – engagement with the community would be primary. The library in this future would model what it meant to be civilized: deep and diverse democracy! In a third scenario, the library and the librarian becomes a “Knowledge Navigator”. Users would see and then create – use information to create new knowledge, new communities, learn and recreate. Libraries would be a hybrid of physical and virtual space with cutting edge technologies, cultural maps of the world, to help users develop their interests, find connection to each other and find their place in the changing digital world. The library would be an ‘experience’. For those new to the digital world and for emerging technologies they would , it could train them, ensuring democratic and enabling access for all; for those adept, it would create games for them to learn, indeed, gaming may become a metaphor for the library. Users would find their knowledge treasures through clues left by the knowledge navigator or other users engaged in knowledge sharing and production – the division between the fun of electronic gaming and the seriousness of the library would breakdown. Public space would became an open and porous, local and global public space. The last scenario, takes the knowledge navigator future but makes the tough observation – given the billions of dollars Google and other web engines have to play with, and given the skill sets of their employees and owners, what makes us think libraries can survive. Aren’t they the “Dinosaurs of the Digital Knowledge Era”. The globalization of the coffee shop eats up one market; digital search portals eat up another market, until through continuous dis-aggregation there is very little left. The future of the library is easy to predict – there won’t be any. Funding will move to other core areas for cities – traffic, water, dealing with global warming, competing for young people in an aging society; post-oil energy problems. Libraries will slip down the priority radar as they will not be seen as a response to these issues. Many librarians as well are unable to meet the challenge of the skills shift. They are unable to be relevant with the new world dis-order. As the library monopoly dies, other competitors enter the fray and foundationally change the nature of the library. A few survive as some still want to see and touch books, but with the virtual book about to include physical senses, the writing is already on the virtual wall. WHICH FUTURE? Will one future emerge triumphant? Or will there be a mix and match? Which ever future results, for the librarian, this can be both a trying time to be working, or the best of all possible times, where new futures are emerging, and where she and he can weave the strands of alternatives and create a new future for and of libraries.
Probably the best known names are Joseph Conrad, James Joyce, Virginia Woolf, Aldous Huxley, graham Green, Kingsley Amis and John Fowles.
Although they were all remarkable writers they were not awarded the Nobel prize for Literature. This honour belonged to Rudyard Kipling, George Bernard Shaw, John Galsworthy, Thomas Stearns Eliot and William Golding.
John Galsworthy made his name as the author of a series of realistic novels entitled The Forsyte Saga. This family chronicle enjoyed great popularity and the name ‘Forsyte’ became a symbol of the English bourgeoisie. Galsworthy depicted in his novels the social and moral changes of the British middle class at the turn of the 19th and 20th century. Although he criticized the bourgeoisie for the superficiality of its culture, hypocrisy, materialism, practical sense, eagerness for gain and lack of resilience, he remained a ‘humanitarian moralist’ who held an optimistic view of human nature.
The Forsyte Saga originally included three novels: The Man of Property, In Chancery and To Let. Later Galsworthy wrote another series of novels about a new generation of the Forsytes, entitled The Modern Comedy.
William Golding is one of the most distinguished writers of the post-war period. Educated at Oxford he as for many years a teacher in Wiltshire. His literary output has a moralizing and even didactic character. By means of allegories and symbols he emphasizes the maladies of our civilization. His novels bear some resemblance to moral parables or myths.
Students are the happiest people on earth. This claim is true due to a variety of advantages students have while studying in college or at the university. The thing is that there are many opportunities in studies as well as in sports and leisure activities on the whole. The more a student participates in life of his/her educational establishment, the better. Thus, one should get it right which sides of student life are the most attractive.
Students are the most unconcern people. They have plenty of opportunities once given by their parents in order to educate. In fact, students can be supported by scholarships and different financial aids when studying in an educational establishment. Thus, nonchalance which students take for granted is what makes them happy and quite adequate about life.
Up-to-date methods of studying
Contemporary colleges and universities support trendy innovations in the way to educate students. It considers high-tech implementation of the educational program. Moreover, the gist of contemporary education cannot be overwhelmed as solely talks in classes. It turned out to be something virtual. Thus, a student can have access to:
• Electronic libraries;
• Cutting edge software;
• Communication with peers and professors on-line;
• Webinars and other related forms of virtual interaction.
A larger stage for leisure activities
Students can have enough leisure activities in order to provoke the release of energy in sports, social activities, party-ups, and whatever one desires. It is not a quiz or something weird. It is what one calls life. To say more, there is no necessity to worry about something. Everything is at hand. It is all about youth, activities, energy, and, perhaps, love. These constituents show the charms of student life in college. It is also clear that students become more confident as for their frivolous behavior. In turn they become more conscientious about life and everything it touches upon.
The world is moving farther and farther into the digital era, and it is important that literature and all things related to it move forward at the same pace. Newspapers are now available online. E-books continue to grow in popularity. Libraries offer electronic rentals, and many of them are starting to digitize the microfilm records they have in their possession.
If your library still has not digitized its microfilm, it’s high time you did. Not only is it a necessary part of keeping up with the digital era, but it preserves the records in a digital form, makes them easier to use, and can save space in your library. Read on to learn more information about these important benefits of digitizing microfilm.
Physical copies of microfilm take up valuable storage space that could be used for additional books, computers, or quiet study areas. But it’s not just the microfilms themselves that take up the space. If you have physical copies of microfilms, then you need a microfilm-viewing machine, and most people who use these machines prefer that they be in a quiet, secluded area or even in its own room.
These viewing machines can be bulky and take up a lot of space, and most libraries have more than one machine for their patrons to use. But once you digitize your microfilms, you will no longer have a need for them and can save that space for other uses. Or, if you want to keep the option of viewing physical microfilms for your patrons, you can cut back to one viewing machine.
Ease of Use
When library patrons want to view microfilms, it’s not usually because they want to read through some old county records. Typically, they are conducting some kind of research and want to be able to find the information they need quickly and easily. Digitized microfilm offers patrons the option of searching the text for keywords relevant to their research. This allows them to find the information quickly and easily without having to read through the entire microfilm.
Additionally, once you’ve digitized all your microfilms, you have the option of making it available online. Patrons can log into your library’s website using their membership number and browse the microfilms right from their own home. It is a feature that anyone conducting research will be grateful for.
Imagine for a moment that–heaven forbid–a disaster were to strike your library. Fire and flood can permanently damage any physical copies you have of books and microfilms; once they’re damaged, they’re gone forever. This would, of course, be a tragedy in any situation, but the tragedy would be made a bit lighter if you had digitized copies of your microfilm available.
This way, the records that the microfilms contained would still be available and patrons could still access the historical information. In this way, digitizing microfilm is actually a big step in preserving your town’s history and culture.
Many people believe that the digital era will be the downfall of public libraries. After all, if books and other information are available online, why visit a library? However, libraries can continue to thrive through the digital age if they learn to adapt appropriately and offer new, digital services to their patrons. When you digitize microfilm, you are taking the first step to providing these vital digital services. Your patrons will appreciate the ability to easily search through your microfilms, and you’ll be grateful for the extra space you have in your library; and if a disaster should strike, you can rest assured knowing that the valuable information contained on your microfilms is protected in digital form.
Interesting research topics should be selected after doing a fair bit of research over the subject. If you are given freedom to choose your research topic you need to go for such a topic in which you already have a fair bit of knowledge and also you need to have some interests in knowing more about the topic.
Preliminary reading and literature review is very important at the time of choosing your research topic. You need to visit the libraries and all the necessary websites to know all the relevant information about the topic. You need to read all the relevant research papers written by scholars and experts on the subject. This will give you a good idea about the specific research problem upon which you can concentrate your research work. To choose an interesting subject to the readers you also need to see the importance of the topic in the modern times.
It is better not to choose a topic which has no significance in the modern times and the readers are not much interested in knowing about it. But it also depends on the presentation of the subject. If you can present even a dull topic in a much interesting way the readers will eager to read your whole paper. Some of the important points that you need to remember at the time of writing an interesting research papers are as follows:
1) Choose a topic in which you have interest and knowledge. The subject needs to be relevant in the modern times and people should have curiosity in knowing about the subject. Don’t choose an obsolete and dull subject then even your best effort will not be able to make any great research paper. Always remember the time and budget constraint at the time of selecting your topic. The topic needs to be such that you can complete within the specified time limit and money.
2) The introduction of the paper should be written in a very careful manner. It needs to be written in such an interesting way so the readers become interested in reading the whole paper.
3) You should have a clear idea about your audience. You need to be very clear for whom you are writing and your writing style should have the capacity to meet their expectation.
4) Before starting to write make a clear outline about the whole research process. If some field work is needed to collect some raw data and information then you need to collect it before you start your actual writing.
5) The analysis of the data needs to be done very carefully and at the time of writing the analysis section all the steps for arriving at the conclusion needs to be written properly.
Research is a long process and if you don’t find interests in the topic it will not be possible for you to complete all the stages of your research work. So you need to choose a research topic in which not only you have interests but that should also seem interesting to the readers.
When one purchase insurance, it means that you are buying something that you would never use it, but in case you need to file an insurance claim, you would come to know how important it is to have right type of coverage. Follow the below given tips in case you are a first time buyer for life insurance.
It is a remarkable fact that people who is actually healthy get best rates on life insurance. You would be asked to pay a superior rate of anything that lessen your life expectancy for example, if you have smoking habit, or if you are overweight, or may be bad in driving.
The life insurance company would certainly ask you about your health check history and might desire you to take some kind of medical you as well test for. While filling up the health advice form you need to be true to them, in case you lie the company would find out and your life insurance policy would be surely canceled. And if in case your sick and were to die and then the life insurance company found out you lied earlier, if, for instance, you said you were a non-smoker but ended up dying of lung cancer from a smoking habit, they would then certainly deny the death benefits.
No matter what type of insurance you’re purchasing, the course is fundamentally the same. Once you’ve determined what type of insurance and as well how much coverage you require, you could start contacting insurance companies online, straight by phone, or even through an insurance broker or agent to get quotes. Get quotes from numerous diverse insurers because premium cost could surely vary widely.
An insurance policy may cost less because it offers less, or dissimilar, features and benefits. And make certain the company you’ve settled on is highly regarded, with high-quality customer service and also claims-paying ability. All insurance companies are rated by chief rating agencies (e.g. Standard & Poor’s, Moody’s, A.M. Best) on their available capability to pay claims. You could also access these ratings online, by way of public libraries, or through insurance company literature.
An insurance policy is a legal contract that may be loaded with technical terms that are hard to understand. But read it anyway before you sign on the dotted line to find out about the coverage you’re buying. A life insurance policy is a lawful deal, which might be loaded with technical terms that are hard to understand, but you need to read it anyways before you sign on dotted line to find out about the premium and coverage you are buying. For instance, the policy would tell you:
Who is covered?
What coverage eliminations and limitations apply?
When coverage starts and ends
How much coverage is actually provided to you?
How much you would pay for insurance coverage
How you report a loss and to file a claim
The most excellent key for purchasing right amount of life insurance is just to have sufficient coverage policy which meets your need. In case if it carry more life insurance than what you really required; you’ll land up paying unwanted for higher premiums. On the other hand it is also significant not to have too little coverage, which might result in you being underinsured.
If you’ve been putting off for buying life insurance because you don’t want to pay the premiums, you might be doing yourself damage in the long run. The younger you are when you buy life insurance coverage, the lower your premiums would pay. Make your life insurance policies work for you by taking the time to occasionally review your needs and coverages.
Writers like to talk about “honesty” and “truth.” They aim to tell an “honest” tale, reveal “honesty” in characters, or get the “truth” of a story on the page. What does it mean? In a fictional novel, the truth authors seek is a sincere understanding of the world and the characters they have created. A truth that is so sincere that they, along with their readers, feel as though the story could have actually happened, the characters and the world that the story is set in could have actually existed. Aren’t those the stories we love most? The stories that feel like we are reading about real people who truly went through all we’re reading about are the stories that keep us coming back for more. These are the stories we relate to because they reveal things about us as human beings.
One tactic many writers use to help them find this truth is taking pieces of real life and using them as inspiration. An author may use personality traits or elements from different people they actually know to help create characters that “feel real.” Having grown up in the environment she set her classic novel in, Harper Lee drew on personal experiences in writing To Kill a Mockingbird. Anchoring her story in truth in that way must have helped her create such a believable world in this very “true” novel. By finding inspiration in the Scottsboro Trials, Lee further added to the sincerity of the story. We read To Kill a Mockingbird and respond to the characters, the situation, and the human emotions she taps into so expertly.
What about when we look at a book like the Diary of Anne Frank? Here, a young girl actually scribbled in her diary without ever knowing that her words would find their way into countless classrooms, homes, and libraries across the world. The truth is in this book because, well, it is true. Anne was stuck inside the Secret Annex going through everything she wrote about while she wrote about it. She experienced the fear, isolation, and horror that World War II brought to so many people and she used her diary to express her true feelings. You can’t get much truer. This honesty helps us to understand who she was (or her “character” and the “characters” that surrounded her) and connect, or empathize, with her. This is what all writers aim to do.
It is interesting to consider that writers have written in the style of a diary to help a story ring true. When done right, readers can feel as though they are reading a nonfiction journal or personal diary even though it is completely fictional. This can help in getting to know a character more deeply, in a way that is more laborious in a narrative, thus helping the author get to the heart of that character, its truth.
Writers aim to write stories that ring as true as a nonfiction journal. The art of creating good fiction is creating an interesting world that is both believable and relatable. The last thing an author wants is for a reader to be taken out of a story because it feels false.
Many students confuse the concept of doing critical analysis, and do not know how to do a literature review.It is basically an explanatory writing on a topic of your interest, and it does not require you to conduct a fresh research. Rather you have to discuss the researches that have already been made on the topic.
The main purpose of this chapter is to bring the student up to date of any new advancement in the field related to the topic. In this way, the student reads, or attempts to read, every available research related to the field. Thus new doors of research are opened for him.
The most important thing that really matters in this type of writing is the comprehensive style of writing and the use of terminologies.
Now let us discuss the process of going through the collection:
1.To begin with, first you have to find as much information on the topic as you can. Finding relevant information on the topic is most tiring task. But internet has made it a lot easier to find innumerable references and previous researches on the subject. Other sources can be libraries and databases, plus newspapers, government documents, bibliographies, relevant text books, journal articles, etcetera.
I would like to share a tip with you in this text. As you are looking for information and going through references, I would highly recommend that you make notes of all the details of the sources of the information. This will save a lot of quality time at the end of the dissertation when you will begin writing your bibliographies. This will make your work easier and more organized.
2.Now that you have all the information you need, go through every word of every article very intently so that you can get a glimpse of every minor and major detail and include the information in your analytical writing. You must be able to differentiate between the optimistic and pessimistic approach of the writer, and make notes of any new detail that you think can become a very essential part of your writing.
If you really want to literature review help in this process of selecting relevant articles for reference, try answering these questions:
Is the context covering singular or plural issues?
In which particular direction is the article leading to?
What is notional approach of the research?
What kind of terminologies has been used in the contextual writing?
Is the argument being supported by relevant and reliable facts and evidences?
How did the writer reach to the conclusion after the argument, and is it relating to the discussion?
Which methods of investigation are employed in the context?
Some articles can be exemplary. You can follow their style of writing and representing the ideas, which carries a great deal of importance in research writing.
Although significant advancements within computer and digital technology has culminated in the launch of high specification devices such as the Kindle which allows an individual to read books electronically, a library still remains the heartbeat of literature and as the prime building in which to delve into a book from a particular author or genre. Such is the wealth of literature available to avid readers of all ages, that libraries require an efficient storage capacity in which to hold all the books that are stocked for the purpose of being available to their members for loan. Accessibility is a fundamental aspect across all libraries as individuals strive for simplistic access to the books of their choice; this, in addition to operating an effective archive storage, is why sections or particular rows are categorised in alphabetical order of title or author, or located in separate areas to differentiate each genre.
Due to the considerable weight that a multiple number of books can have upon a shelf, it is important for libraries to integrate shelving units that are both durable and yet easily accessible. Both traditional and modern units are usually manufactured using hardwearing materials that are effectively damage-proof and strong enough to ensure any number of books can be stored upon an individual shelf without the potential threat of a shelf collapsing under their weight. As the supplying companies or library would be liable for any injuries caused by an unsuitable archive storage facilities, that either could not hold the number of stocked books required or which had been installed incorrectly, only illustrates the importance of ensuring that libraries specify the required standard of shelving units.
To run an efficient library service for local residents to enjoy on a regular basis, Local Authorities must take full advantage of the operating space provided within the property. As space can become limited, particularly within small-scale libraries, integrating mobile shelving can not only significant reduce the floor space that is required by traditional units, but could provide a considerable increase in storage space, this can be utilised for any potential increase in books received. The concertina effect of mobile shelving, more commonly used in offices or library stores, removes the floor space taken up by designated aisle spaces required for traditional shelving units, this can be particularly effective in a library as it allows more books to be stored and yet still allows individuals to efficiently locate their desired books.